AGRICULTURAL REGIONS IN THE WORLD
Agriculture is important in every nation for many reasons. It helps build the nation’s economy, provides employment, and feeds the people of the country. Rural areas have lands that are cultivated for farming purposes and many times the people living in these regions are uneducated and unemployed. But due to farming and agriculture they can have a decent living for themselves and their families by working on the farms.
Some farmers grow crops on farms that are owned by them (subsistence farming). But maintaining these farms is not easy and money is required. Farming and growing crops well provides better opportunities for farmers, whether it is their own farm or they simply work on a farm for commercial production. Countries where the per capita income is low, economy relies heavily on agriculture.
Agriculture also provides food and raw material to the non-agricultural sectors of the economy and thereby creates a demand for goods produced. For agriculture to be successful, the land must be arable, climatic conditions must be suitable for crop production, soil must be fertile, water availability etc. These days with advanced technologies available, farming practices have improved drastically over the past decades. Organic farming practices have also been adopted in most countries across the world.
Crop production depends on the availability of arable land, consumption needs, etc. crop yields are the harvested production per unit of harvested area. Actual yields depend on water, sunlight, nutrient absorption, soil type etc. Some countries or regions grow a particular crop much better than others because of these simple factors that affect crop growth and production. Crop production is usually measured in tones per hectare, or thousand hectares, or thousand tons.
Crops production list by regions –
Wheat is grown in southern and central areas of Ukraine. The amount grown is 24 million metric tons
In Australia, wheat is grown in Western Australia, New South Wales, Victoria, and Queensland. The amount of wheat grown is about 25 million metric tons.
Pakistan grows about 26 million metric tons of wheat in the Punjab and Sindh regions.
Germany produces about 28 million metric tons of wheat in Bayern and Niedersachsen regions.
Canada produces about 29 million metric tons of wheat in Alberta and Ontario.
France produces 39 million metric tons of wheat in Centre-Val de Loire and Picardie.
USA produces about 55 million metric tons of wheat in most parts of the country
Russia produces about 95 million metric tons of wheat and is the third largest producer of wheat. It grows wheat in Moscow and western regions.
India produces about 95 million metric tons of wheat and is the second largest producer of wheat in the world. Wheat producing states in India are Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, and Madhya Pradesh.
China leads the world’s wheat production with about 126 million metric tons. It is grown in the Yellow river region and Huai River Valley
India leads in rice production with about 43.20 million hectares of are producing rice
China falls short at second place with about 30.35 million hectares
Indonesia produces about 12.16 million hectares
Bangladesh produces 12 million hectares of rice
Thailand follows with 9.65 million hectare of rice being produced in this region
Vietnam produced about 7.66 million hectares of rice
Burma’s rice production is about 6.80 million hectares
South Africa produces about 15.5 million metric tons of corn in Guateng, North-west, Mpumalanga, and Orange Free.
France produces about 17 million metric tons in Aquitaine and Midi-Pyrenees
Indonesia produces about 19 million metric tons of corn
Mexico produces 32.6 million metric tons of corn in central portions of the country
Ukraine produces 39.2 million metric tons of corn
Argentina produces 40 million metric tons of corn in Buenos Aires
India produces about 42.3 million metric tons of corn in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, and Rajasthan
Brazil is the third largest producer of corn in the world at 83 million metric tons
China is the second largest producer of corn at 224.9 million metric tons
USA is the leading producer of corn in the world at 377.5 million metric tons and is grown in most states with Iowa being the leading state.
Canada produces about 6 million metric tons of soybeans
Paraguay produces 10 million metric tons of soybeans
India produces about 10.5 million metric tons of soybeans in the states of Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Chhattisgarh, and Gujarat.
China produces 12.2 million metric tons of soybeans in the northern Heilongjang province
Argentina produces nearly 53.4 million metric tons of soybeans in Buenos Aires, Cordoba, and Santa Fe
Brazil is the second largest producer of soybeans in the world at 86.8 million metric tons of soybeans being produced
USA is the leading producer of soybeans in the world at 108 million metric tons being produced in Kentucky, Minnesota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin.
Russia is the leading producer of barley at 20.4 million tons
France falls short at 11.7 million tons of barley being grown in this region
Germany is slightly behind at 11.6 million tons of barley
Ukraine produces about 9 million tons of barley
Canada produces 7.1 million tons of barley
Spain is a little behind at 7 million tons of barley being produced in this region
The United Kingdom produces about 6.9 million tons of barley in the world
Turkey produces 6.3 million metric tons of barley
For more such crop information, follow our website where we explore the most popular crops being grown in the world in terms of region and amount of production.