Cucumber is one of the vital fruits which are beneficial especially for those who are having high blood pressure. Cucumber contains 0.1% of saturated fat as well as the very low amount of calories which can be estimated to about 16 joules. Cucumber is rich in vitamin C, A as well as folic acid which is used for healing different types of skin diseases.
2. Climate and soil
The climate in which the cucumber grows in a warm as well as moderate temperature ranges in between 20-degree Celsius and 24 degree Celsius. The cucumber is not grown in frost condition. The cucumber requires loamy, and clay soil with ph scale ranges in between 5.5 to 6.7.
3. Land preparation
The land is prepared with the maintenance of soil salinity or acidity for obtaining the best preparation of best results. The availability of water, the selection of fields is vital for the proper cultivation of cucumber which is grown throughout the year. The land should be free from weeds as 2 to 3 ploughing will make the appropriate land preparation.
There are different types of cucumber which are harvested by the farmers. They are the Slicing cucumber which is generally 6 to 9 inches long. The pickling cucumber is generally seasonal and they are generally available small in size. The other varieties of cucumber available in the market are Armenian, Hothouse, Japanese cucumber as well as Kirby cucumber. The salad bush, pickle bush, green sleeves are the varieties of cucumber available in the markets.
The sowing of cucumber is done with keeping as well as planting the seeds 1 inch apart from the main seeds. During the time of sowing the seeds, they should be held loosely in order to make the final crops transparent in nature. The Basing, as well as Ring method, is followed in case of cucumber sowing. The sowing is done from October till December.
6. Application of Manures and Fertilizers
The fertilizers used for growing the cucumber are generally done in order to add organic granular portion in the manures. The manures are applied in the crops which are used for sowing from generally 55 cm away from the main trees or the trunk which are associated with declining the drained part of the main crops. The fertilizer requires 53 kg of nitrogen, 68 kg of phosphorus and 112 kg of potassium.
The intercultural process in case of cucumber includes the weed control, the process associated with intercultural cropping done in main part of the seed. The weeds are controlled by using herbicides such as glycophosate, paraquat as well as chloramben. The shallow cultivation is used for the early stages of growth of cucumber.
The irrigation in case of cucumber needs to be done five times in a year. This is to enhance the proper irrigation done on the productivity of crops which is yielded at the end of the crop season. The cucumber requires sufficient amount of moisture during the summer season for its growth as well as development. This fruit does not require any type of irrigation during the rainy season.
Figure: cucumber cultivation in India
9. Plant protection Measures
The plants are protected by using the proper humid as well as warm temperature which is crucial for the proper cultivation of crops. The cucumber is protected by using different types of pesticides as fruit fly requires 3 % of foliar spray.
The process associated with harvesting in case of Cucumber requires 40 days as it requires 0.73 % of nitrogen and 3.75 % of potassium. These fruits are harvested during October, and the process continues till the end of December.
Figure: Cucumber harvest