Jasmines are considered as the native of the tropical regions. In the early sixteenth century this species of the flower was introduced in India. A large number of varieties are existing currently and all of them are cultivated in the Indian agricultural setting. However, only three types of species have become popular in the commercial cultivation. Mainly the southern region, covering, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu, Mysore, Bangalore are famous for Jasmine cultivation. In the northern region of India Uttar Pradesh, Ajmer and Jaipur are known for cultivating Jasmine. Jasmine cultivation is also done the West Bengal.
2. Climate and soil
The perfect climate for cultivating Jasmine is the tropical and mild weather. There is a need of sunny weather, moderate rain and warmth of summer for growing jasmines. In India, the cultivators prefer open field area for the cultivation. Rich and loamy soil type are preferred by the cultivators and the PH balance has been within the range of 6.5-7.5.
3. Land preparation
The process preparing plays a great role in having a good growth of the plants. The pits have to be dug up 45 cm3 at least before one month so that the land can absorb enough sunlight. Cultivators fill up the pits with FYM, soil and sand in a ratio of 2:1:1. At last pits are watered very well for settling up the mixture of soil compost.
There is a wide range of variety in the species of Jasmine. The varieties are furnished below:
⦁ Double Mogra
⦁ Ramban & Madanban
⦁ CO 1 (Pitchi)
⦁ CO 2 (Chameli)
The best time for sowing the seeds of Jasmine is monsoon as per the Indian climate. However, one can also sow the seeds at any time over the year. In that case, the planting processes need to be maintained more strictly for having a normal growth of the flowers. The sowing time differs from the northern region of the section to the southern region. In north India, seeds should be sown during July and August. On the other hand, in the southern zone seeds are usually sown in the duration of July and December.
6. Application of Manures and Fertilizers
Use of Nitrogen (N), Potassium (K2O) and phosphorus (P2O5) are the three major chemical substances which are used for fertilizing the land and cultivation fields. The cultivators also use magnesium (0.5%) and zinc (0.25%). Apart from these chemical substances, few organic fertilizers are being also used for increasing capacity of the cultivation field.
The entire process of intercultural can be divided into three parts, all of which are equally important for encouraging a normal growth of the plants. The three steps are as follows:
Irrigation is essential for enriching the soil. In order to have a good growth of the plants, there is a need of keeping the soil moist. An adequate moist is highly required in cultivating Jasmines. Therefore, the cultivators irrigate the Jasmine plants by flooding the field once in a week especially in the months of summer. Once the flowering is done, there is no need for irrigation.
9. Plant protection Measures
There could be a different kind of plant diseases or the plants can get harmed with several harmful pests. In order to take a control over the insect harms and plant diseases, cultivators use few chemical mixtures. In any case of managing the rottenness of plant roots, at first, the soil is drenched with Copper oxychloride at a proportion of 2.5 g/lit.
In order to get the freshness of flowers Jasmines are plucked in the early morning. Harvester avoids plucking the fully opened flowers after 11 a.m. as it reduces the freshness of the flowers.
11. Images of Jasmine harvesting