Mango is considered to be the kings of the fruits which are generally available during the summer season. The intense benefit of the fruit is associated with the presence of huge amount of vitamins, minerals as well as antioxidant within it which are essential for preventing constipation and piles. The health benefits associated with mango are, it helps to prevent cancer, helps in controlling the blood pressure. It also helps in maintenance of healthy heart as well as eradicates indigestion and acidity problem as it contains vitamin C 46 % and vitamin A 15%.
2. Climate and soil
The climate in which the kings of fruit mango grow requires a frost-free atmosphere because the flowers, as well as the fruits, are damaged if the temperature condition declines to about 40 degree Celsius. This fruit is grown in both tropical as well as subtropical conditions. The soil in which the mango trees are generally grown should be well drained with a minimum pH scale which ranges between 5.5 and 7.5. Mango requires a good amount of rainfall during its season of growing which is generally between June and October. The loamy, alluvial, well drained and deep soil is required for the proper growing of mango.
3. Land preparation
The selection of fields, the availability of water content in the plantation of mango tree is vital for the plantation of a mango tree. The soil depth, as well as the quality, is dependent on the space among the rows of about 4.5 m to 9 m apart from each of the trees which is cultivated. The land which is ideal for the growing of mango should be elevated with a little slope towards the drain, and the depth should be 1.8 meters.
The earliest mangos which are available in the market are safeda which is also known as banganapalli. The pairi is another type of mango variety which is available in the market during May and June. Neelam is available throughout the year as it can be detected for its lovely sweet fragrance. They possess the skin color of orange as well as they are small in size in comparison to other mangoes.
The sowing of mango is done by maintaining the hot as well as humid climate as they are generally available during the summer season which ranges from May till July. The sowing of mango is crucial as the entire ripping of the mango is dependent on the sowing stage.
6. Application of Manures and Fertilizers
The manures, as well as the fertilizers, are applied during the month of September to October. The fertilizers which are used for the plantation of mango are crucial as they are applied to 45 to 90 cm away from the main trunk of the tree. The manures and fertilizer used are FYM, N, P as well as K.
The process of intercultural is associated with the appropriate up keeping of the plantation which is done in case of mango. This process requires 170 gm urea, 110 gm single super phosphate, and 115 gm muriate of potash per plant at the end of each harvesting season from first to the tenth year. This process includes 1.7 kg, 1.1 kg, and 1.15 kg respectively of these fertilizers which can be applied for the months applicable for June, July, and October. Foliar spray which is vital for intercultural process requires 3% urea which is essential for plantation of flowering in sandy areas.
Figure1: mango cultivation
The irrigation is done in case of mango after 10 to 15 days during the full bearing stage of sowing the seeds as it keeps the taste of the fruits intact. The irrigation is done at an interval of 2 to 3 days during the rainy season. The basin irrigation is basically followed in case of the plantation of mango. The drip irrigation is not followed as it reduces the water content in the soil.
9. Plant protection Measures
The mango plant can be protected by maintaining proper methods of irrigation as well as the appropriate methods of sowing the fruits so that the taste remained unchanged. The mango plant can be protected by using mango hopper, mealybug, anthracrose of about 0.1% in between fortnight interval.
The harvesting done in case of mango is to provide a tug for the better taste and then follow the strategy associated with leaving 4-inch stem at the top of each fruit. The mangos are generally harvested during April and May.
Figure2: Mango after harvest