It is very much evident that Marigold is highly demanded flower in the Indian commercial market as this flower is mostly used for decoration and making garlands. The popularity of marigold is very high because the adaptability of the cultivation is very much easy to handle. Different colors are available in the Indian market.
2. Climate and soil
A mild climate is required for cultivating marigold. There is no need for extremely high temperatures as an extreme level of heat and cold interrupts the normal growth of the plant. In fact, the number of flowers gets decreased along with plant growth in any temperature above 35 °C.
Marigold can be cultivated in the different kinds of soil types. In the case of dwarf (French marigold) light soil is suitable and the moist soil is required for the tall (American) marigolds.
3. Land preparation
Well-drained soil is healthy to grow the marigold seeds. Soil should be fine, filth and thus flatbeds can be formed. Soil should be average to humus-rich, moist in nature. It is observed that more than 80 ha of land has been devoted to growing the crop.
There are different kinds of species of marigold which are as follows-
Tagetes erecta (African marigold)
Tagetes patula (French marigold)
Tagetes Tenufolia (Syn. T. signata)
Tagetes Lucida (sweet-scented marigold)
The best possible time for sowing the seeds of marigold is summer time. The soil needs to be dug up very well and watered properly for sowing the seeds. After sowing there is a need for opening the under sunlight so that energy can be derived the sunray which will help to grow the plant very fast.
6. Application of Manures and Fertilizers
The Indian cultivators make a good use of manures and fertilizers for enhancing the soil fertilization capacity. The animal extracts, bone powder, humus, and manures are widely used for fertilizing the lands. Moreover, the cultivators also use potash for making the stems of plants very strong.
It is very important to maintain proper intercultural for any kind of flower. With the growth of the plants, many cells become dead and spoiled. Therefore, it is essential to cut those excess and overgrown portions for making the plant healthy.
Frequent irrigation is needed for light soil whereas the heavy soil does not need to irrigated repeatedly. Harvesters of marigold have to be aware of the irrigation process so that the soil does not become wet, but the moist level can be balanced. The requirement of the irrigation or the water balance depends upon the soil type.
9. Plant protection Measures
⦁ Spraying fungicides
⦁ Application of insecticides and DDT
⦁ Dusting sulfur
⦁ Use of granules made of Thimet for the ground
The Indian cultivators mostly use the procedure of keeping the flowers in 2% sugar and 0.5 mm STS for enlarging the vase life of this particular flower.
11. Images of Marigold harvesting