Orchids are cultivated in India in a wide variety. However, the coastal areas are mainly favorable for the cultivation of orchids. There are few varieties which are cultivated in the Indian regions. The commercial market of this flower is very high because people demand Orchids on a large scale for room decor, bouquet and other purposes.
2. Climate and soil
The tropical orchids are basically cultivated in India. The perfect climate for such orchids is having a high humidity (70-80%). In order to cultivate those species, the daytime temperature needs to be 21-29 °C. There is a requirement of 18-21°C at night. Maintenance of this temperature range can make the plants healthy for having a normal growth. The ideal soil for Orchid cultivation is a bit moisty and loamy.
3. Land preparation
The procedures preparing land chosen for the cultivation need to followed by the cultivators thoroughly. At the very beginning, the land has to plow well and the making of ventilation is also required in such cases. The benefits of ventilation are the absorption of enough sunlight and air. After plowing the land, it is important to make proper drainage system in the land so that the excess amount of water can be drained out and cannot cause to the rottenness of roots.
A number of varieties are available in the Indian market. The Indian agricultural setting is preferable for cultivating the following variations of orchid:
⦁ Sonia 17
⦁ Sonai 18
⦁ Sakura Pink
⦁ Emma White
The cultivators mix some mixture in the soil before sowing the seeds. The mixture is usually made with the pieces of tiles and bricks, charcoal, coconut fiber and husk. After mixing it with the soil, the seeds are sown in the land. The sowing time for the orchid plants in the coastal area is late spring season so that the planting can be done in the duration of summer months.
6. Application of Manures and Fertilizers
The application of manures and humus is required for protecting the plants. Both the chemical and organic solutions are used in enhancing the production capacity o0f the land and soil. The animal extracts, bone meal, ammonium sulfate are basically used for enriching the quality of the soil.
In the case of Orchids, there are several steps for intercultural. Once the plants are grown up to a certain level, the very grown parts need to be trimmed out for maintaining a balance. In fact, in many cases, the plants and flowers are infested with different pests and as a result, the infected part gets rotten. If that part is not pruned properly, the entire plant can die.
The irrigation procedure should be maintained by keeping in mind about humidity. Only sprinkling water is adequate for orchids. The overhead sprinkler is usually used for the irrigation methods. It is very much crucial to take care of the amount of water sprinkled on the plants. Over-irrigation can harm the plants and become the cause rottenness of stems and leaves.