Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana
The literal meaning of the Hindi term Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) is Conventional Agricultural Development Scheme. This scheme was developed and incorporated for the betterment of agriculture and farming in India. The PKVY scheme is a guideline for farmers, District Collectors and District level functionaries as a means to understand roles, responsibilities of the various functionaries and stakeholders.
The PKVY manual is prepared in consultation with the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation and Farmers Welfare. The need to create this scheme arose from the fact that farming had reached a level where chemical fertilizers were being overused and its effects were visible on environment and causing health hazards. The Minister for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Mr. Radha Mohan Singh emphasizes the importance of incorporating organic farming to improve the existing agricultural conditions in India.
The government is promoting organic farming for long term sustenance of agriculture and agri-products. Agriculture is an important aspect of Indian economy and to keep it going, we need to find ways and means to better the current situation. Land has been over used and abused over the years and water scarcity is a major concern for farming not just in India but across the world. A lot of research is being done in this respect but there is a constant and urgent need to improve the farming methods that were practiced so far. Water is increasingly becoming an issue of serious concern and crops must be grown as per the water requirement. For instance, water must be conserved and used carefully and better irrigation methods must be developed. Crops such as sugarcane, rice and cotton are major water guzzlers. Rice production cannot be stopped as it is a staple diet in India. The other two crops are also important and we cannot stop growing them but alternate means can be developed whereby water is used productively and crops are grown in a better and effective manner.
For all these reasons and many more the PKVY scheme plays an important role and works well as a guideline for those interested in farming and cultivation related activities. The PKVY scheme was first launched in April 2015 to support and promote organic farming and improve soil health. It is a great initiative to help farmers understand the importance of adopting eco-friendly means to cultivate and increase production per acre of land. The PKVY scheme is a part of the National Mission of Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) for Soil Health Management (SHM). As a part of this project, organic farming is promoted through adoption of organic village by cluster approach and PGS certification.
The PKVY scheme aims at promoting organic farming, raising farmers’ income, producing pest free produce and encouraging usage of natural resources. Farmers will be taught all about the PKVY scheme and groups are formed of 50 farmers or so called cluster with about 50 acre land to carry out organic farming. Each farmer will be provided Rs 20000 per acre in 3 years to carry out agricultural activities. There will be no liability on the farmers expenditure as per the scheme. The PKVY scheme promotes Participatory Guarantee Scheme (PGS) and operates based on 60:40 funding by central and state governments respectively. The Scheme targets to form 10,000 clusters of 20 ha each and bring nearly two lakh hectares of agricultural area under organic farming by 2017-18. The main focus of PKVY scheme is to produce agricultural products free from chemicals and pesticide residues by adopting eco-friendly, low investment technologies.
Since the PKVY scheme promotes organic farming among farmers it has to also teach them to disseminate latest technologies in organic farming. Farmers adopting this scheme will be funded up to Rs 10 lakhs for a 20 – 50 acre cluster. To implement the ideas and plans laid out by the PKVY scheme, a project demonstration team is set up. The government, with the help of this scheme wants to make organic farming a norm and make India one of the largest organic farming countries in the world. It is also aiming at making modernizing Indian agriculture. Organic farming can be used to increase agricultural production and is a sustainable agriculture compared to the conventional kind.
Organic farming has received a lot of support and encouragement and is along the same principles of the green revolution. Farmers also understand the need to move to organic farming and its importance based on the current situation. Factors such as global warming, over-usage of land, water scarcity, chemically produced food that affect health, soil degradation, deforestation etc have already caused the damage. It is now time to undo the damage and find faster and long term means of sustaining agriculture and food produce for the future generations. Population is only increasing with time and it is going to get worse. Water scarcity is going to reach all time low in the future. Land encroachment has taken over much of the agricultural and farm land. It may not be possible to find more land for farming going forward. Hence producing more on the available land is something that can be considered. Soil health has deteriorated due to continuous farming and most of the soil has lost its natural nutrients and minerals.
Rainfall has decreased over the years and farmers were severely dependent upon rainfall for farming. Crops cannot grow with adequate rainfall and irrigation. In such a scenario it is a blessing that the National Center of Organic Farming has come forward to promote organic farming and its benefits. The District Collector / District Magistrate are responsible for the actual implementation of PKVY. The Collector motivates farmers to adopt organic farming and oversee its timely implementation. For greater focus in implementation, Districts constitute District Level Executive Committee (DLEC) chaired by the District Collector / District Magistrate or the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Zilla Parishad (ZP). District Agriculture Officer (DAO) at the cadre of Joint Director, Agriculture / Deputy Director, Agriculture (JDA/ DDA) act as Member Secretary of DLEC with members from line departments including horticulture, animal husbandry, organic input suppliers, etc. DLECs exist in few States already.