Pear is a sweet and delicious fruit which helps to improve the process of digestion as it contains a high amount of fiber which also helps to provide the benefit of the digestive system. This fruit contains a high amount of nutrient which helps to reduce the body weight, and the antioxidant properties present in this fruit helps to increase the power of immunity and helps to cure colon as well as lung cancer.
2. Climate and soil
The fruit pear is grown in abundance in mild as well as warm climate as they can withstand the salty coastal environment. This fruit can grow in sandy, loamy or clay soil; though they grow best in the rich loamy soil. This fruit grows within the pH scale ranges in between 6 to 6.5, although they can withstand the pH scale in between 5 to 7.5.
3. Land preparation
The land is to be prepared in such a way that the field is selected appropriately and the availability and the quality of irrigation water are to be maintained properly to retain the proper amount of nutrient in the fruit. The land is to be prepared in order to make the irrigation proper so that the fertilizers are used in a best way.
The varieties of pear which are available in the market are Anjou pears, Asian pears, Bartlett pears as well as Comice pears. The other variety which also grows in abundance is Bosc pears, Concorde pears, French butter pears and Red Anjou pears.
The sowing process of peach is done from December and continues until the end of February. The sowing process is to be done in the preparation of land to retain the proper amount of nutrient in the fruit.
Figure: Sowing of pear
6. Application of Manures and Fertilizers
When the pear plant is about 1 to 3 years old, the fertilizer applied is 10 to 20 FYM, 50 to 150 gm of Urea, 100 to 300 gm of superphosphate and 50 to 150 gm of Muriate of potash. When the pear plant is about 7 to 9 years old, the fertilizer applied is 40 to 50 FYM, 350 to 450 gm of Urea, 700 to 900 gm of superphosphate and 350 to 450 gm of Muriate of potash.
The intercultural process in case of pear includes the process of pruning and mulching to provide control in case of weeds. The weeds are controlled by pre-emergence application of Nitrofen (0.5-1 kg a.i./ha) or Simazine (0.2-4 kg a.i. /ha). In the field, pre- and post-emergence application of Atrazine (2-6 kg a.i./ha) or Terbacil (1-3 kg a.i./ha) effectively controls the weed population.
The drip process of irrigation is followed in case of pear as this process is done once in a week to enhance the level of productivity. The method of irrigation is generally provided to the plant after the actual plantation of the tree is done.
Figure: Fully grown pear tree
9. Plant protection Measures
The plants are protected in case of pears by using the methods of drip irrigation as the Cultural practices such as ploughing, hoeing and basin preparation has a direct effect on the survival of soil-inhabiting pests.
The processes of harvesting are done in case of pear during the month of July which continues until the end of August. The soft pears take 135 to get its maturity level. During the process of harvesting the fruit, the spur is not to be destroyed as the nutrient value will be damaged.