The agricultural base of in India is undoubtedly very strong. Consideration of the Indian climate is essential for enhancing the knowledge regarding rose cultivation. There planting and nurturing process of rose differs to some extent as per the climate and geological factors. In India, there are particular rules and protocols for the planting and fertilization. In fact, there are numerous measures for protecting the plants.
2. Climate and soil
In India, the perfect climate for plantation of roses is a bright sunshine weather with a cool climate. There is also need of free ventilation which improves the procedures of rose cultivation with the country India. The Indian cultivators usually prefer the range of the temperature 15-27 C because it is observed that the best quality of roses is grown in this climate and soil combination.
3. Land preparation
The soil or the land has to prepare a very systematically. The appropriate soil variation for the roses should be medium kind of loam. There must be ample amount of organic matter for the nutrition of the plant. Drainage system needs to be proper so that no stagnant water can spoil the plant roots. PH balance of the soils needs to be within 6.0-7.0. At the very beginning, the land must be dug up deep and plowed for 20-30 cm. Other important criteria for preparing the soil of rose plants is open the plowed and watered land to the sun at least for 15 days.
There is a wide range of variation in the roses which are discussed below:
⦁ Climbing roses
⦁ Modern Garden Roses
⦁ Floribunda Roses
⦁ David Austin Roses or English Roses
⦁ Groundcover Roses
⦁ Grandiflora Roses
⦁ Miniature Roses
⦁ Hybrid Roses
Apart from the aforementioned different species, there are few more variations in respect of numerous factors like colors, shapes and quality. The color variation of roses is brought by adopting a different kind of cultivation strategies.
As per the Indian climate, the best sowing time for rose seeds is winter. In fact, the seeds can be sow throughout the autumn. After the autumn goes, late winter is also considered as the best time for sowing rose seeds.
6. Application of Manures and Fertilizers
Rose plants need a high amount of fertilizer during the plantation period. In most of the variations of roses, the siblings are very much sensitive and demand a thorough nurturing. The Indian cultivators use the organic fertilizers compost and manures. The animal products such as bone meal, kelp extract, alfalfa and fish fertilizer and much more are used.
There is a need for trimming the plants after certain growth. The farmers have to water the plant at least before 3-4 days. The dead portions or overgrown branches need to be cut and pruned very well so that the plant grows in a healthy way.
The requirement of the irrigation or the water balance depends upon the soil type. Frequent irrigation is needed for light soil whereas the heavy soil does not need to irrigated repeatedly. Harvesters of roses have to be aware of the irrigation process so that the soil does not become wet, but the moist level can be balanced.
9. Plant protection Measures
⦁ Application of insecticides and DDT
⦁ Use of granules made of Thimet for the ground
⦁ Spraying fungicides
⦁ Dusting sulfur
In order to harvest roses, the cultivators need to well aware of the blooming time. In India, the roses are put together in a bucket of water after plucking. The bucket is kept in the poly-house for keeping them fresh for long. After the transportation of the roses the cold storage temperature must be 2-4°C.
11. Images of rose harvesting