Strawberry is a seasonal fruit which helps to protect the eye as it contains protective nutrient. It helps to enhance the immunity system as it contains vitamin C which helps in minimization of heart disease. This fruit helps in the prevention of different kinds of cancer and enhance the immunity system of the old people.
2. Climate and soil
Strawberry is generally grown in warmer coastal areas. The soil which is vital for the growth of strawberry is sandy loamy as well as clay in nature. The sandy, loamy soil is used in strawberry as it helps in the maintenance of water supply as well as the different types of nutrient that are present in strawberry with a pH scale of 5.7 to 6.5.
Figure: Cultivation of strawberry in India
3. Land preparation
The process of physical land preparation is done based on the mechanical field preparation that requires the clearing in of bushes, the removal of stones as well as rocks. The ripping and the leveling of land is also used in case of land preparation of strawberry which leads to soil friability and removing weeds as well as stubbles.
The types of strawberry which are available in the markets are Chandler, Tioga, Torrey, Selva, Belrubi as well as Pajaro which are available in large numbers. The Bangalore, fluoride 90, Pusa Early Dwarf are also available in huge quantities.
The strawberry is sown during the month of June and continues till the month of October. The process of sowing is done properly as it helps in the preventing
6. Application of Manures and Fertilizers
The manures in case of strawberry are used as the cow dung is beneficial for the growth during the end of the harvesting seasons. The fertilizer used in case of strawberry is 5 % nitrogen. The fertilizer used in case of strawberry contains 400-550g of Nitrogen and 150 to 350 g of diphosphorus pentoxide for a better process which is essential for the enhancement of growth. In addition to the methods which are used in case of strawberry, it takes into account di potassium oxide 35 to 60 kg is also maintained.
The intercultural process used in case of strawberry are the usage of harrowing as well as ploughing which are applicable for the purpose of application of herbicides as well as plastic sheets. The weeds are controlled by using herbicides such as glyphosate as well as chloramben. The ploughing methods of cultivation are used for the early stages of growth of strawberry.
The irrigation process in case of strawberry is done three times in a year as this process is used to enhance the level of productivity in the land. Mainly drip irrigation is used in some parts of India for strawberry cultivation. The irrigation month in case of strawberry is based on following the shallow-rooted plant which is crucial for the growth of leaves as well as in retention of proper water content.
Figure: Drip irrigation in case of strawberry
9. Plant protection Measures
The plants are protected using different kinds of pesticides, cutworms, hairy pesticides as the areas in which the strawberry grows should be free from different types of insects to maintain the proper growth of strawberry. The herbicides are 2- 4 D amine or Ultra blazer is used in case of strawberry.
The harvesting in case of strawberry is done when the fruit changes to three fourths of its color. The harvesting depends on the climatic condition as it is usually harvested in small trays or basket in the early morning hours.