TOP 10 AGRICULTURAL NATIONS OF THE WORLD
Food and water the basic requirements of every human to survive on a daily basis. We cannot live without either. This makes agriculture one of the largest and most significant industries in the world. Agriculture is practiced by all the nations in the world to supply food for their consumption as well as for export purposes. Export is always secondary with the primary focus being on self-sustenance first. The health of a nation lies in the agricultural production by it. Each and every individual needs to be fed. Animals need food too. This makes the demand for agricultural produce critical. Each nation invests a lot of time and capital in producing, manufacturing and maintaining agricultural productivity.
Much of the land area is a green cover and hence conducive to agriculture and farming. Almost all parts of the world have freshwater resources in the form of lakes, rivers, valleys, and streams. Although the climatic conditions vary region to region, farming practices can be carried out based on local requirement and type of crop grown. Issues concerning food production also involve food wastage, and this is a global problem. There are millions who do not receive food and die of starvation, and then there are those who waste food, and most food ends up in bins. All the nations are collectively working towards food wastage and recognize it as a significant problem requiring due attention and solutions to resolve it.
Leading food crops in the world based on demand as per Wikipedia –
Cereal crops – the leading cereal crops in the world are Barley, Buckwheat, Maize, Millet, Oat, Rice, Rye, Sorghum, and Wheat
Vegetable crops – the leading vegetable crops in the world are Lettuce, Beans, Onions, cabbage, chickpea, pulses, cauliflower, broccoli, eggplant, potato, spinach, soybean, carrot, turnip, cucumber, tomato, ginger, pumpkin, gourds, yam, sweet potato, and okra
Fruit crops – the leading fruit crops in the world based on demand are apricot, olive, pear, banana, mango, coconut, sugarcane, fig, grapes, oranges, papaya, peach, apple, pineapple, gooseberry, lemon, raspberry, plum, strawberry, blueberry, kiwi, currant, date, cherry, avocado, watermelon, guava, jackfruit, and pomegranate.
Meat – chicken, beef, pork, sheep, goat, turkey and duck
Nuts – almond, cashew nut, chestnut, hazelnut, peanut, pistachio, and walnut
Spices – black pepper, chili pepper, cinnamon, cloves, ginger, nutmeg, saffron, and vanilla
So far we have discussed how to grow crops in India. Let us now move on to farming practices across the world.
In this article specifically, we will write about the world leaders in certain food crops.
Top 10 Agricultural Nations of the World based on GDP contribution
- China – China is the largest producer of rice and pig meat. It is among three largest producers of milk, chicken and cattle meat. China is the fourth largest agricultural exporter in the world. About 32 billion dollars worth of food is wasted annually which is why China has developed programs for recycling food scraps.
- United States – United States ranks as the largest producer of milk, chicken and cattle meat. It is also the second largest producer of pig meat. It is the 12th largest producer of rice. The United States is the largest agriculture exporter. The country also holds first place as the greatest meat consumption per capita, and it is among countries which throw away largest share of food.
- Brazil – Brazil is among first five countries in milk, pig, chicken, and cattle meat production. It ranks 9th in rice production. Brazil also ranks among highest agriculture exporters in the world.
- India – India is ranked second in milk and rice production. It also ranks high as chicken and cattle meat producer. With an export growth rate of 21.3, India leads the list of countries with greatest export growth during last decade. Like in the other countries on the list, food waste is a major problem in India, and about 40% of produced food ends up in the bin.
- Russia – Russia leads regarding acres of land used for agricultural production, and fifth on the Top 10 Agriculture Producing Countries In the World. It also ranks among top world’s producers of milk, chicken, pig and cattle meat.
- France – France is among top ten countries in the production of milk and meat cattle, and among top 20 by chicken and pig meat production. It has highest agricultural production in European Union. It is the world’s fifth largest agricultural exporters and is combating food waste just like the rest.
- Mexico – Mexico ranks high in the production of cattle meat and chicken meat. It is also among first 20 countries in the production of milk and pig meat. Despite these figures, the only small share of agriculture production accounts for country’s GDP. Although 36 percent of children suffer from malnutrition in Mexico, more than third of produced food is wasted.
- Japan – Japan ranks tenth country in the world in rice production. It is also among top 20 countries in the production of milk, pig and chicken meat. Expectedly, the Japanese mostly consume rice and fish
- Germany – Germany is the third largest producer of pig meat, and it also ranks high in the production of milk, and cattle meat. It is also world’s third largest agricultural exporter and the largest meat consumer. Each year 60 kg meat is consumed per person.
- Turkey – Turkey, occupies ninth place in the production of milk, as well as the production of chicken meat. It also ranks among top 20 countries in the production of cattle meat. The country also has one of the highest export growth rates in the world because agricultural export has tripled during last decade. Like other countries on the list, Turkey is trying to tackle the problem of food waste.