Tuberose is also commonly known as Rajanigandha. Generally, most of the cases it has narrow, light green leave and also has long leaves. Tuberose normally grows up 25 to 30 cm tall. Apart from that the stock or flowering stocks is 75 to almost 100 cm long and have minimum 25-40 spike or florets spike. It produces a different kind of varieties of flower.
2. Climate and soil
The best temperature for tuberose is 25-35 degree C. Apart from that it can also be suggested that kind of mild temperature almost 30 degrees C is ideal for specifically this flower. It is because it is a kind of bulbous crop that generally grows in mild temperature.
Ideal soil condition for the tuberose is sandy and loamy soils and the pH range in between 6.5 to 7.5. It can also be detected that this flower has the high tolerance capability and it can tolerate almost 8.2 to 8.3 pH range.
3. Land preparation
In case of tuberose, it is very necessary to prepare the soil in a good manner. Therefore, almost 2-3 pilings and 45-50 tons per Ha (tones/ha) need to be prepared for planting. For better growth, 100 kg N, 200 kg K2O and P2O5 are also required.
In case of tuberose, there is a different kind of varieties are available such as Calcutta single, Mexican single, Hyderabad single, Bangalore single. Apart from that, there is also different kind of varieties on the basis of season. There is a different kind of varieties on the basis of their flavors and that are nerol, geraniol, alcohol.
Most of the cases it can be seen that it generally planted in between Feb-March and some places march to April. This flower is totally familiar with the Indian climate, therefore, it is possible to plant this flower throughout the year.
6. Application of Manures and Fertilizers
On the basis of the quality of the soil generally, fertilizers are selected. According to the condition of Indian land, it is important to imply a different kind of organic and inorganic fertilizer. Therefore, bone ash, animal extracts, and the different kind slurry are required. Apart from that urea, calcium nitrate and potassium nitrate is also applicable for fertilizing.
It is very important to maintain proper intercultural for any kind of flower. For better growth of tuberose, it is necessary to trim up the brunch and overgrown portions. These overgrown parts or the branches need to be cut out with expertise, only then new leaves can grow up.
In case of tuberose, it can be identified that it requires proper moisture for the growth of the flower and proper light irrigation is most important before planting and watering is also depends over the quality and type of the soil.
9. Plant protection Measures
In case of tuberose, proper protection is extremely required because some different kind of diseases can grow up in tuberose. In order to secure proper protection, it requires malathion to protect from aphids. Metasystox can also be implemented to control from Thrips. Folidol dust is also implemented to protect from the attack of grasshoppers.
On the basis of purpose of the flower, generally harvesting procedure is conducted. In case of tuberose, the harvesting process includes
Lifting and proper curing of all the bulbs
Flower and also the concrete yields.
11. Images of Tuberose harvesting